Creation of tufted rugs using a powered hand tool, and also carving relief patterns on the rug surface.
|Historic area of significance||Yorkshire / West Coast of Scotland|
|Area currently practised||UK|
|Origin in the UK||1970s|
|Current no. of professionals (main income)||Around 11-20|
|Current no. of professionals (sideline to main income)
|Current no. of trainees||Around 1-5 in businesses
20-50 learners and growing (see other information)
|Current total no. serious amateur makers
|Current total no. of leisure makers
|Minimum no. of craftspeople required|
Rug tufting was first introduced with the development of the tufting gun in the 1960s-70s. The technology has not changed since then.
Drawing the designs, using the gun to ensure the correct pile height/ density of stitching is achieved, cutting down and finishing and carving the rug.
See www.turnberryrugworks.com for a video of the operation
- Yarn dyeing
Issues affecting the viability of the craft
Training issues: It is believed that some of the textile colleges in Scotland have the tufting equipment but are not teaching it in any of the courses.
Sourcing raw materials: Difficulty in sourcing yarn
Market issues: Overseas price competition
Business issues: Making a sufficient margin to be able to extend marketing activities
Craftspeople currently known
- Area Rugs and Carpets
- Unique Rugs and Carpets
- Turnberry Carpets
- Dovecot Studios
- Hoxa Tapestry
- Helen Yardley
- Caroline Acaintre
- Christine Crofts
- The Woolly Rug Co. Ltd.
The availability of cheaper tufting guns from China has meant that more learners are picking up the craft. There a number of educational establishment who are teaching the skills or have the equipment available for students.
- Goldsmiths University
- London Metropolitan University
- Salford University
- Birmingham City University
- Central Lancashire University
- Wolverhampton University
- Staffordshire University
- University of Plymouth
- University of Huddersfield