|Historic area of significance||UK, especially the North West|
|Area currently practised||UK|
|Origin in the UK||Bronze Age|
|Current no. of professionals (main craft)|
|Current no. of professionals (sideline to main craft)
|Current no. of trainees|
|Current total no. serious amateur makers
|Current total no. of leisure makers
|Minimum no. of craftspeople required|
Weights used to secure the warp on an upright loom have been found in Britain dating from the Bronze Age.
In the Middle Ages weaving was a major source of employment, especially for women; men became involved once it was commercialised. Settlers from the Low Countries introduced the weaving of fustians, cloth with a weft of cotton and warp of linen, into East Anglia in the sixteenth century, spreading to Lancashire by 1600.
Weaving was mechanised in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, although the high-power loom was not adopted until the 1830s and 1840s in the Lancashire cotton trade. The woollen and worsted industry in the West Riding of Yorkshire typically used smaller mills and shifted to weaving machines some decades later than the cotton weavers of Lancashire.
There is an increasing interest in hand woven textiles at the moment, both from practitioners and the general public.
- Tapestry weaving
- Tweed weaving
Band making (warp and weft)
Inkle loom weaving
Issues affecting the viability of the craft
Theo Moorman Trust for Weavers – grants for weavers living and working in the UK
Peter Collingwood Trust Fund – provide an annual grant for the most innovation relating to a loom based textile.
Craftspeople currently known