Currently viable crafts


Stone carving


The carving of figures, patterns and ornaments etc. in stone. See the separate entry for stonemasonry.


Status Currently viable
Craft category  Stone; Building crafts
Historic area of significance  UK
Area currently practised  UK
Origin in the UK  Roman
Minimum no. of craftspeople required  1-5
Current no. of trainees  6-10 annually
Current no. of skilled craftspeople  101-200
Current total no. of craftspeople  250



The stone carver carves figures and architectural ornaments etc. largely by sight of eye, but also with the help of square, compass and template where there is a crossover of masonry and ornamental elements, for example in capitals or decorated mouldings.



  • Stone carving
  • Moulding
  • Casting
  • Clay sculpting


Local forms




Issues affecting the viability of the craft

  • Training issues: While there are numerous qualifications in stonemasonry, there is only one qualification specifically for stone carving. The City and Guilds in London offers two-year Certificate courses, and three-year Diploma Courses in Historic Stonecarving, accredited by the City and Guilds Institute. Some art schools have sculpture departments but they do not offer technical instruction in the skills of stonecarving.
  • Market issues: Lack of demand. There are enough people to satisfy the current market – the market dictates the number of people involved so the employment figures are always fluctuating.
  • Market issues: Lack of support by architects.


Support organisations

Craftspeople currently known


Other information