Currently viable crafts


Founding (ferrous metals)


The casting of ferrous metals, such as iron and steel.


Status Currently viable
Craft category  Metal
Historic area of significance
Area currently practised  UK
Origin in the UK  Iron Age
Minimum no. of craftspeople required
Current no. of trainees
Current no. of skilled craftspeople
Current total no. of craftspeople



The basic principles of founding are to create a wooden pattern of the item to be case which is then used to make a mould. The pattern is removed and the void is filled with molten metal. Once the metal has cooled, the casting is ‘fettled’ to finish it.




Local forms




Issues affecting the viability of the craft


Support organisations

Craftspeople currently known

A list of foundries can be found on the UK Foundries and Scottish Foundries websites. This list includes both ferrous and non-ferrous foundries. The Cast Metals Federation website also offers a search facility for foundries.


Other information