|Status||Endangered (see ‘Other information’)|
|Historic area of significance||UK|
|Area currently practised||UK|
|Origin in the UK||Early Medieval|
|Minimum no. of craftspeople required|
|Current no. of trainees|
|Current no. of skilled craftspeople||21-50|
|Current total no. of craftspeople|
This traditional form of bowl making has been used at least since the Viking age. This craft fell out of favour with the Industrial revolution, and died out completely with the death of George Lailey of Turners Green, Bucklebury, Berkshire in 1958. Lailey was reputed to be the ‘last bowl turner in England’. Lailey’s lathe and tools are housed at the Museum of English Rural Life at the University of Reading. The craft of pole-lathe bowl turning was revived in the 1990s by Robin Wood.
Issues affecting the viability of the craft
Market issues: There is a demand for hand-turned bowls but the need to charge relatively high prices to make a living suppresses this demand.
Skills issues: It takes a long time to develop the skills to produce items of a saleable quality. A lot of people have a go but very few have the time or inclination to stick at it for the necessary years.
Craftspeople currently known
Robin Wood – based in Edale, Derbyshire
A fair number of members of the APT&GW turn bowls, and there is a good level of interest in this, with the skills being shared.
Status: The craft of bowl turning on a pole lathe died out in England in 1958 with the death of George Lailey. It was revived in the 1990s by Robin Wood and today is popular among green wood workers and pole lathe turners. According to Robin, the craft is no longer ‘critically endangered’ and should be classified as ‘endangered’ and moving towards ‘currently viable’, i.e. a positive trend.